易 琛.三峡—葛洲坝枢纽区锚地综合布置方案[J].水运工程,2024,(1):184-188
三峡—葛洲坝枢纽区锚地综合布置方案
Comprehensive layout plan for anchorage in Three Gorges Gezhouba Hub area
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  梯级枢纽  锚地  锚泊方式
英文关键词:cascade hub  anchorage  anchoring method
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作者单位
易 琛 长江三峡通航管理局湖北 宜昌 443000 
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中文摘要:
      随着三峡—葛洲坝梯级枢纽两坝十三闸联合投入运行,极大地改善了长江上游通航条件,降低船舶水运成本,促进长江航运的发展,货运量不断攀升,2011年提前达到通过能力1亿t。货运量快速增长的同时,三峡—葛洲坝梯级枢纽船闸通过能力不足引起的船舶积压问题日益严峻,船舶待闸问题已成常态。加强梯级枢纽锚地工程研究与建设,是保障梯级枢纽船舶待闸安全、开展安全检查、维持通航秩序、提高通航效率的迫切要求。因此,通过梳理梯级枢纽锚地的功能定位及布局要求,结合两坝船闸匹配运行等调度技术的进步与方法的创新,最终提出了三峡—葛洲坝梯级枢纽锚地建设方案。
英文摘要:
      With the joint operation of the two dams and thirteen gates of the Three Gorges Gezhouba cascade hub,the navigation conditions in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River have been greatly improved,the shipping costs of ships have been reduced,and the development of Yangtze River shipping has been promoted.The freight volume has been continuously increasing,reaching a capacity of 100 million tons ahead of schedule in 2011.However,with the rapid growth of freight volume,the problem of ship backlog caused by insufficient capacity of the Three Gorges Gezhouba cascade hub ship lock is becoming increasingly severe,and the problem of ship waiting for lock has become a normal situation.Strengthening the research and construction of anchorage engineering in cascade hubs is an urgent requirement to ensure the safety of ships waiting for gates,carry out safety inspections of ships waiting for gates,maintain the navigation order of ships,and improve the navigation efficiency.Therefore,this article proposes a construction plan for the Three Gorges Gezhouba cascade hub anchorage by sorting out the functional positioning and layout requirements of the anchorage,combined with the progress of scheduling technology and the innovation of methods such as the matching operation of the two dam ship locks.
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