王新平,林 科,丁凤霞,宋 欣.制约船舶码头岸电使用率提升的影响因素分析和建议策略[J].水运工程,2024,(1):36-41
制约船舶码头岸电使用率提升的影响因素分析和建议策略
Analysis of factors restricting improvement of shore power utilization at ship terminals and suggested strategies
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  船舶港口  岸电技术  岸电使用率
英文关键词:ship port  shore power technology  shore power utilization rate
基金项目:
作者单位
王新平 国家能源集团北京 100011 
林 科 国家能源集团北京 100011 
丁凤霞 国家能源集团北京 100011 
宋 欣 国家能源集团北京 100011 
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中文摘要:
      为深入贯彻落实国家“双碳”政策,推动提升船舶靠港的岸电使用率,进一步减少船舶靠港期间的大气污染物排放。介绍船舶、港口岸电建设的背景和意义,分析国内外岸电技术的发展现状、趋势,简述国内主要港口和航运企业的岸电建设情况。结合当前国内重点港口和航运企业岸电使用情况,分析制约岸电使用率提升的主要影响因素,重点围绕岸电设备设施硬件标准不统一、信息化系统建设存在孤岛、设备临时性故障等方面,提出统一设备标准、强化组织调度、推进智能化建设、平衡收费政策、政策引导等多项建议对策。政府需要加强政策规划和服务、港航企业要积极发挥主体作用、行业部门需要广泛协同参与,才能形成工作合力,共同推动船舶码头岸电使用率的提升,为高质量发展贡献力量。
英文摘要:
      To deeply implement the national “dual carbon” policy,promote the improvement of shore power utilization rate during ship berthing,and further reduce air pollutant emissions during ship berthing,this paper introduces the background and significance of shore power construction in ships and ports,analyzes the current development status and trends of shore power technology at home and abroad,and briefly describes the shore power construction situation of major domestic ports and shipping enterprises.Based on the current situation of shore power usage in key domestic ports and shipping enterprises,this paper analyzes the main influencing factors that restrict the improvement of shore power usage rate.Focusing on the lack of unified hardware standards for shore power equipment and facilities,isolated islands in information system construction,and temporary equipment failures,the paper proposes multiple suggestions and countermeasures,including unifying equipment standards,strengthening organizational scheduling,promoting intelligent construction,balancing charging policies,and policy guidance.The government needs to strengthen policy planning and services,port and shipping enterprises need to actively play a leading role,and industry departments need to extensively collaborate and participate to form a working force,jointly promote the improvement of the utilization rate of shore power at ship terminals,and contribute to high-quality development.
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